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Which paragraph stales the following information? By using an imperative and an active verb the instruction becomes much clearer: ‘Make sure you fix the centres of the pendant bolts at an equal distance from the centre of the door.’. British Council IELTS Reading Practice Tests, 42 Common Topics for IELTS Speaking PART 1 with Sample Recording, 100 TOPICS for IELTS SPEAKING PART 2 2020, IELTS Speaking Part 2 with Band 8 Samples Recording, IELTS Reading Practice Test 44 with Answers. A   the products are used for simple utility. Write your answers in boxes 20-24 on your answer sheet. The world’s first wild algae biodiesel, produced in New Zealand by startup Aquaflow Bionomic Corporation (www.aquaflowgroup.com), was successfully test driven by New Zealand’s Minister for Energy and Climate Change Issues, David Parker. Aquatic and microscopic species are cultured in clear tanks or ponds and are either harvested or used to treat effluents pumped through the ponds. Even so, he believes it can be done, and he is not alone. Gull was the first to bring a biofuel to market in New Zealand … With increased energy demand, diminished fossil fuel reserves, elevated concerns over the impacts of increasing CO 2 on climate change, and unpredictable foreign suppliers, the development … People, it seems, prefer to buy a policy they can understand. We know we can’t buy happiness, but the chance to remake ourselves with glossy, box-fresh products seems irresistible. So vital steps are missed out or components are mislabeled or not labelled at all. The cost of compliance would be enormous. His vision is that every resource, from food to electricity generation, should as far as possible be sourced and distributed locally. Recently, the Eagle Star Group launched a plain English policy to a chorus of congratulatory letters from policyholders. There are still debates about the origins of Polynesian culture, but one thing we can ensure is that Polynesia is not a single tribe but a complex one. You can fake that look, but it isn’t the same. Blended with conventional mineral diesel, bio-diesel can run vehicles without the need for vehicle modifications. The instruction ‘Take two tablets 4 hourly’ is so prone to misunderstanding (for example, as 8 tablets an hour) that we think it should be banned. Today, American consumers are buffeted by an assortment of pressures. The experience of several corporations has proved that the cost of compliance is often outweighed by solid benefits and litigation savings. Tim Cooper claims that although sustainable design proceeds 33………………………, the coming problems are pushing the move. They just don’t have the right feel until they have been worn and washed a hundred times, do they? Instead of buying a second car, for example, we might buy into a car-sharing network. Swiss industrial analyst Walter Stahel, visiting professor at the University of Surrey, calls it the “teddy-bear factor”. 37   People often buy things that are seldom used and throw them away. Complete the following summary of the paragraphs of Reading Passage. This is where it all started. In fact, the letter meant nothing of the sort, and the council had to send another letter to explain. Since 1978 when plain English law went into effect in New York there have been only four litigations and only two decisions. Simply not true in all the ten states with plain English laws for consumer contracts and the 34 states with laws or regulations for insurance policies. This is a comprehensive manual that is easy to … #2 Answer: Under normal circumstances, algae contain mainly hydrocarbons and proteins; the fat content does not exceed 20% of the total dry weight. The London Borough of Ealing sent such an incomprehensible letter to ISO residents that 40 of them wrote or telephoned to complain and ask for clarification. 17   Algae could be part of a sustainable and recycled source. 2019 IELTSTrainingOnline. The test drive bio-diesel was used successfully in a static engine test at Massey University’s Wellington campus on Monday, December 11. Never before have consumers had as many choices in areas like financial services, travel, telephone services, and supermarket products. You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-14 which are based on Reading Passage 1 below. Some species of algae are ideally suited to biodiesel … Microalgae Cultivation for Biofuels Production explores the technological opportunities and challenges involved in producing economically competitive algal-derived biofuel.The book discusses efficient methods for cultivation, improvement of harvesting and lipid extraction techniques, optimization of conversion/production processes of fuels and co-products… While algae oil has not yet hit the mainstream, interest in the product and the development of technology are evident. The consumer’s need, therefore, for information expressed in plain English is more critical than ever. Algae … Citibank counsel Carl Falsenfield says: ‘We have lost no money and there has been no litigation as a result of simplification.’ The cost-effectiveness of clarity is demonstrable. 1 Potential for algae biofuel from wastewater treatment high r ate algal ponds in New Zealand *R. J. Craggs, *S. Heubeck, **T. J. Lundquist and ***J. R. Benemann *National Institute for Water and Atmospheric Research, PO Box 11115, Hamilton, New Zealand … For him, the roots of impending environmental collapse can be summarized in two words: weight and speed. 3   After successive election over U.S president Jimmy Carter, the effect of Plain English Campaign is less distinctive than that of the previous one. We have simply added information technology to the industrial era and hastened the developed world’s metabolism, Thackara argues. They provide many vitamins including A, B, B2, B6, niacin and C, and are rich in iodine, potassium, iron, magnesium and calcium. Two kinds of instructions give us a lot of concern – medical labels and do-it-yourself products. It contains 34 authentic IELTS reading tests or 101 reading … A survey by pharmacists Raynor and Sillito found that 31% of patients misunderstood the instruction on eye drops ‘To be instilled’, while 33% misunderstood ‘Use sparingly’. Stahel says this is what sustainable design needs to do. Here, too, the experience of several corporations and insurance companies has proved that contracts and policies can be made more understandable without sacrificing legal effectiveness. Write your answers in boxes 28-32 on your answer sheet. 101 IELTS Academic Reading Past Test Papers With Answers is a must-have IELTS book for all IELTS candidates in 2019. 26   What is to do like the immediate plan for coming years for Aquaflow? I still hear plain English on the TV and in the streets, and read plain English in popular magazines and best-sellers, but not yet in many functional documents. Algaculture on a large scale is an important type of aquaculture in some places. The Algae Biofuel Summit 2008 was held recently in New Delhi, India in September 2008 and this meeting highlighted the importance of being able to farm algae … 12……………………… language had been embellished as an accurate language used in the 13……………………… The author suggested that nowadays new compelling force is needed from 14………………………. The future of algae biodiesel could very well be here. “A bunch of inventive Kiwis and an Aussie have developed this fuel in just over a year”, he comments. Plain legal English can be used as a marketing tactic. 25   What environmental standard would bio-diesel vehicles are to meet? Without these personal connections, consumerist culture instead of idolizes novelty. We do well to remember, the warning of Chrissie Maher, organizer of Plain English Campaign in the UK: Campaigners experienced a council renting document full of strange, Today Algae are used by humans in many ways; for example, as fertilizers, soil conditioners and livestock feed. IELTS Reading Practice Test 44 with Answers READING PASSAGE 1 You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-14 which are based on Reading Passage 1 below. Algae are also readily available and produced in huge volumes in nutrient-rich waste streams such as at the settling ponds of Effluent Management Systems (EMS). Bio-diesel based on algae could eventually become a sustainable, low cost, cleaner-burning fuel alternative for New Zealand, powering family cars, trucks, buses and boats. Despite some victories, the was against gobbledygook is not over yet. Translation of legal contracts into non-legal everyday language would be a waster of time and money. In boxes 37-40 on your answer sheet, write, YES                  if the statement is true, NO                   if the statement is false. “We believe we are the first company in the world to test drive a car powered by wild algae-based biodiesel. ‘People own things to give expression to who they are, and to show what group of people they feel they belong to,’ Chapman says. 40   Company will spend less on repairs in the future. Naturally growing seaweeds are an important source of food, especially in Asia. Manzini says a crucial step would be to redesign our globalized world into what he calls the “multi-local society”. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It is not simply about making durable items that people want to keep. All over the country isolated revolts or efforts against legalistic gobbledygook at the federal, state and corporate levels seemed to grow into a small revolution. However, the end is inevitable; thousands of years in landfill waste sites. Could better design cure our throwaway culture? The basic concept of using algae as a renewable feedstock for biofuels production has been known for many years. Provincial Insurance issued their plain English Home Cover policy in 1983 and sold it heavily as such. The breakthrough comes after technology start-up, Aquaflow, agreed to undertake a pilot with Marlborough District Council late last year to extract algae from the settling ponds of its EMS based in Blenheim. There were earlier government efforts to inform consumers about their rights and obligations, such as the Truth in Lending Act (1969) and the Fair Credit Billing Act (1975), which emphasized a body of information that consumers need in simple language. Section 3 Language strategy In Multinational Company Reading Test 11 Section 1 THE ORIGIN OF WRITING Section 2 Aqua product: New Zealand’s Igae Biodiesel Section 3 British Architecture 2 Reading … Another notable field was on 9………………………… products, it not only additionally cost buyers but caused 10………………………, thus writer should regard himself as a 11…………………….. D   the emotional connections make us to keep the objects for longer. (Passage 1 Tikopia Passage 2 New Zealand’s Algae Biodiesel Passage 3 Psychology) Dear pupils if you need to clear your doubts regarding these answers … Algae are the simplest plant organisms that convert sunlight and carbon dioxide in the air around us into stored energy through the well-understood process of photosynthesis. Often they made the objects themselves, or family members passed them on. Think about your favorite old jeans. Naturally growing seaweeds are an important source of food, especially in Asia. 38   In a post-throwaway society, we will pay extra money after disposing of electronic goods. [2] Additionally, algae can be easily grown in a growth media composed primarily of seawater. I have heard of algae as a very promising source of biofuel. As a result, billions of litres of bio-diesel are required worldwide each year. In addition, commercially cultivated microalgae, including both Algae and Cyan-bacteria, are marketed as nutritional supplements, such as Spirulina, Chlorella and the Vitamin-C supplement, Dunaliella, high in beta-carotene. All of the elements for the production of lipid-based fuels from algae have been demonstrated. Write the appropriate letter A-G, in boxes 15-19 on your answer sheet. You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 28-40 which are based on Reading Passage 3 below. Aquaflow Bionomic Corp. of New Zealand takes another approach entirely to the contamination problem. Drivers are not just hurt when their medicines don’t tell them they could fall asleep at the wheel – they are killed.’. Citibank of New York made history in 1975 by introducing a simplified promissory note and afterwards simplified all their forms. They are given below, with the campaign’s answer to them: The statute would cause unending litigation and clog the courts. Had as many choices in areas like financial services, travel, telephone,! Matter how ragged and worn a favorite teddy becomes, we don ’ t buy,! The production of fuel and other useful by-products will increasingly buy sustainably designed products inevitable. And livestock feed the company extracted lipids from the Reading Passage 1 something than... Objects we will want to keep rather than discard objects, people had an intimate relationship with into! From algae frightened that the cost of compliance is often outweighed by solid benefits litigation... 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